Superosids

Total species recorded on Dundreggan: 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


* = Trees for Life Species Profile


Order: Brassicales

 

Brassicaceae (cabbages)

This is a large and distinctive family, also known as Crucifers or Cruciferae. It includes many common edible species such as cabbage, cress, turnip, mustard, water-cress etc. The flowers are white, pink, purple or yellow. They typically have 4 sepals, 4 petals and 6 stamens, although a few of them have fewer petals or stamens. They have alternate leaves without stipules.

Common Name

Shepherds' purse 

Wavy bitter-cress  

Cuckoo flower

Scientific Name

Capsella bursa-pastoris 

Cardamine flexuosa

Cardamine pratensis

 

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Order: Celastrales

 

Celastraceae

This family has only 1 British member, which is often now included in the Saxifragaceae family. It is the county flower of the northern English county of Cumberland and appears on its flag.

Common Name

Grass-of-Parnassus

Scientific Name

Parnassia palustris

 

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Order: Fabales

 

Fabaceae (peas)

The Fabaceae are one of the largest families of flowering plants in the world with over 18,000 species. They are also known as Leguminosae or legumes and contain many vitally important economic species worldwide such as peas, beans, soyabeans and peanuts. In the UK they have a wide range of growth habits from small creeping herbs such as the vetches to large bushes such as gorse and broom. The flowers all have 5 petals arranged in a distinctive pattern with

Common Name

Broom

Petty whin

Bitter vetch

Meadow vetchling

Common bird's-foot trefoil 

Greater bird's-foot trefoil

Red clover 

White clover

Gorse

Bush vetch

Scientific Name

Cytisus scoparius 

Genista anglica 

Lathyrus linifolius 

Lathyrus pratensis 

Lotus corniculatus 

Lotus pedunculatus 

Trifolium pratense 

Trifolium repens 

Ulex europaeus 

Vicia sepium 

 

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Polygalaceae

 

Common Name

Heath milkwort

Scientific Name

Polygala serpyllifolia 

 

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Order: Fagales

 

Betulaceae

 

Common Name

Alder*

Dwarf birch* 

Silver birch

Downy birch*

Hazel*

Scientific Name

Alnus glutinosa 

Betula nana 

Betula pendula 

Betula pubescens 

Corylus avellana 

 

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Fagaceae

 

Common Name

Beech

Sessile oak*

Scientific Name

Fagus sylvatica 

Quercus petraea 

 

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Myricaceae

 

Common Name

Bog myrtle

Scientific Name

Myrica gale 

 

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Order: Geraniales

 

Geraniaceae

 

Common Name

Herb-Robert

Scientific Name

Geranium robertianum 

 

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Order: Malpighiales

 

Hypericaceae

 

Common Name

Perforate St. John's-wort

Slender St. John's-wort

Scientific Name

Hypericum perforatum 

Hypericum pulchrum 

 

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Linaceae

 

Common Name

Fairy flax

Scientific Name

Linum catharticum 

 

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Salicaceae

Common Name

Aspen*

Eared willow* 

Goat willow 

Grey willow

Dwarf willow 

Bay willow 

Tea-leaved willow 

Creeping willow

Scientific Name

Populus tremula

Salix aurita 

Salix caprea 

Salix cinerea  

Salix herbacea 

Salix pentandra 

Salix phylicifolia 

Salix repens 

 

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Violaceae

 

Common Name

Marsh violet

Common dog-violet

Scientific Name

Viola palustris 

Viola riviniana 

 

 

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Order: Myrtales

Onagraceae

 

Common Name

Rosebay willowherb

Broad-leaved willowherb

Marsh willowherb

Scientific Name

Chamerion angustifolium 

Epilobium montanum  

Epilobium palustre 

 

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Order: Oxidales

Oxalidaceae

 

 

Common Name

Wood sorrel

Scientific Name

Oxalis acetosella

 

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Order: Rosales

Rosaceae

 

Common Name

Alpine lady's-mantle

Smooth lady's mantle

Hawthorn

Meadowsweet

Wild strawberry

Water avens

Tormentil 

Marsh cinquefoil

Wild cherry 

Bird cherry* 

Blackthorn

Dog rose

Sherard's downy-rose

Burnet rose 

Cloudberry

Bramble 

Wild raspberry 

Stone bramble

Rowan*

Scientific Name

Alchemilla alpina  

Alchemilla glabra 

Crataegus monogyna 

Filipendula ulmaria 

Fragaria vesca 

Geum rivale 

Potentilla erecta 

Potentilla palustris 

Prunus avium 

Prunus padus 

Prunus spinosa 

Rosa canina  

Rosa sherardii

Rosa spinosissima 

Rubus chamaemorus  

Rubus fruticosus agg. 

Rubus idaeus 

Rubus saxatilis 

Sorbus aucuparia 

 

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Ulmaceae (elms)

 

Common Name

Wych elm*

Scientific Name

Ulmus glabra 

 

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Urticaceae

 

Common Name

Stinging nettle

Scientific Name

Urtica dioica 

 

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Order: Saxifragales

Saxifragaceae (saxifrages)

Common Name

Yellow saxifrage 

Stary saxifrage

Scientific Name

Saxifraga aizoides 

Saxifraga stellaris 

 

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